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Saturday, 14 April 2012

Pandit Jawaharlal Nehru

Jawaharlal Nehru was the first Prime Minister of India and a central figure in Indian politics for much of the 20th century. He emerged as the paramount leader of the Indian Independence Movement under the tutelage of Mahatma Gandhi and ruled India from its establishment as an independent nation in 1947 until his death in office in 1964. Nehru is considered to be the architect of the modern Indian nation-state; a sovereign, socialist, secular, and democratic republic. He was the father of Indira Gandhi and the maternal grandfather of Rajiv Gandhi, who served as the third and sixth Prime Ministers of India, respectively.

Pandit Jawaharlal Nehru was born on 14th November, 1889. He was born in Allahabad. Moti Lai Nehru his father was a great lawyer. His mother’s name was Swarup Rani. He was born with a silver spoon in his mouth.At the age of 15 he went to England. There he studied at Harrow School. Then he joined Cambridge University. Later he studied Law and became a lawyer. He began his practice at Allahabad High Court.
He gave up his flourishing practice and joined the freedom movement under Mahatma Gandhi. He was sent to jail several times. He became very popular. He was made President of the Congress Party many times. In 1947, when India became free, he was elected the First Prime Minister. He was a successful Prime Minister.India progressed by leaps and bounds under his leadership. He was a great statesman, an idealist and a dreamer. He has written many books. He worked hard to serve his country.
Pandit Nehru loved children. And the children called him Chacha Nehru with love. He always liked and enjoyed the company of children. His birthday is now celebrated as Children’s Day.He was one of the builders of modern India. He always wore a rose in his dress. He was a great lover of beauty and a true lover of peace and freedom. He propagated the principles of Panchsheel. He died on 27th May, 1964. Everyone remembers him fondly.

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