Ram Navami is celebrated to mark the birth of Lord Rama who is believed to be the 7th incarnation of Lord Vishnu. Ram Navami is celebrated on the ninth day of Chaitra, the first month according to the Hindu lunar calendar, hence the festival name Ram Navami meaning nine.
Lord Rama is an avatar of Lord Vishnu, who came to earth to battle the evil Ravana in the human form. The Ramayana is the epic of Lord Rama along with his brother Lakshman and most trusted monkey soldier Hanuman rescuing his wife Sita from the evil Ravana who had captured her.
Ram Navami falls on the ninth day of the Chaitra month of Hindu lunar year in 'Shuklapaksha', it usually falls in the month of April.Most of the places it is a 1 day festival but at some places the festival is celebrated all nine days of Navratras.It is celebrated all over India.
Ram’s dynasty is said to have descended from the Sun or Surya. Therefore by many it is celebrated as a festival devoted to the Sun and Lord Rama’s dynasty is called as Sun Dynasty. Some of the Hindu sects even start Ramnavami with an invocation to Surya.
Normally worship starts in the morning dedicated to Lord Vishnu with offering of flowers and fruits. Vedic mantras are chanted. Many temples celebrate this festival for 9 days starting from the first day (pratipada) of the Chaitra month. All Ram temples are splendidly decorated with the idols of Lord Rama, Sita and Lakshman adorned with new clothes and jewellery. Ram Leela plays are organized in different towns in the temple courtyards. “Rathyatras” or chariot processions are taken out on streets with floats of Lord Rama, Sita, Lakshman and the great devotee of Lord Rama, Hanuman his monkey general. The processions are mainly taken out in the evenings accompanied with the play of water and colours.Panakam is sweet drink that is made of jaggery and pepper that is offered to everybody.Laddoos are offered as prasad in all the temples.